Buccal bifurcation cyst is also known as mandibular infected buccal cyst and it is considered to be an inflammatory cyst which in various ways is similar to the paradental cyst. This type of cyst is mostly associated with the buccal aspect of the first mandibular molar among children. The main and foremost reason for being so important considered because of its location and age. The treatment of this cyst is totally associated to an inflammatory pathology at the root furcation. Moreover, the treatment of buccal bifurcation cyst is the surgical enuclation without including the tooth extraction.
History of buccal bifurcation cyst:
The buccal bifurcation cyst was first explained by Stoneman and Worth in 1983. it is considered to be a lesion along with a specific location. There have been many reports in the literature describing and explaining the buccal bifurcation cyst and its effective treatment. Treatment includes the extraction of the first molar and enucleation of the cyst. Moreover, this type of cyst is defined as an inflammatory odontogenic cyst that normally appears in the region of the buccal bifurcation mandibular first molars. This type of cyst mostly associated with intense and severe pain.
Clinical features of buccal bifurcation cyst:
Buccal bifurcation cyst is considered to be an uncommon lesion that is mostly associated with the permanent mandibular first and second molar among children. This type of cyst is normally identified to eruption. Now we will discuss some important clinical features of buccal bifurcation cyst:
- This type of cyst mostly common during the age of group of 6 to 11 years of children.
- Secondly, this type of cyst is linked with the mandibular first and second molar.
- Thirdly, it is also associated with the tooth that has an eruption pattern along with buccal titling of the crown.
- Moreover, this type of cyst also includes swelling, pain and tenderness.
- Lastly it also includes infection.
Treatment of Buccal Bifurcation cyst:
Few years back, the treatment of buccal bifurcation cyst was the removal of the tooth along with the root-canal treatment. But the latest and current management is an enuclation with the protection of tooth. According to latest research, in case of buccal bifurcation cyst, close observation along with the oral hygiene is required unless the buccal bifurcation cyst in infected and intense.
Finally, person should take preventive measures in case of buccal bifurcation cyst.